Want to Learn More About Architectural Design?

Designing is universal; it crosses disciplines and principles. So we've compiled a series of digital tutorials - both written and video - to showcase the nuanced facets of the architectural profession. Send us an Email if you'd like to learn more about the endless possibilities of 3D modeling and rendering.

Research Topics

Learn more about our ongoing research interests regarding the history and theory of architectural design. From contemporary architectural theory to the etymology of popular phrases, from socialist European monuments to digital design & fabrication techniques, from furniture to kinetic architectures, from neologisms to 'modern' architectural history with special interests in Constructivism and de Stijl periods; feel free to peruse our research narratives.

The Search for All-Sidedness

The terms 'all-sided' and 'all-sidedness', which appear in philosophy, politics, art, film and architectural literature of the 20th century, have been largely overlooked and rarely examined by historians and theorists. Much of the ambiguity surrounding the terms relies on the multivalence of its uses.

According to Oxford English Dictionary, the German terms all-sided (allseitig) and all-sidedness (Allseitigkeit) were first cited in 1691 as describing an inherently spatial reference - one that "completely encircles." Noted as being rare in usage at the time, the etymology altered in 1751 to convey a sense of 'general' or 'universalism'. The definition transformed once more at the end of the 18th century, this time describing a human character trait called "fully-development", most notably seen in critiques of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, discussions of Renaissance men by Jacob Burckhardt(1860), and Friedrich Frobel's educational explorations(1826).

The onslaught of the Great War (1914-1918) proved the need for a radical revision of the arts in form and language. The term all-sided was employed in many avant-garde manifestoes, commentaries, and critiques spanning Cubism, de Stijl Neoplasticism, and Constructivism where its definition implied more than a physical membrane and challenged the traditional, fixed aspects of volume, mass, perspective, and architectural space...

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